Filtering Spam with Thunderbird
Much of the Usenet is a little like the wild west. Moderated Newsgroups exist, but they are few and far between. Even fewer are newsgroups that actually have active moderators. So, it’s not uncommon to see two common issues that really turn people off of Usenet. The first is spam and the second is trolls.
The spam is usually very obvious. You will see articles advertising drugs, loans, counterfeit money, and a wide range of other shady goods and services. It’s also almost always off-topic to the newsgroup that they are posted in and it’s easy to filter.
Trolls first came to life on the Internet via Usenet and some still reside there. What do I mean by a troll? Trolls are mainly people who enjoy irritating and upsetting people just for fun. The same filtering that works for spam can also work for trolls.
This tutorial will show you how to filter articles using Thunderbird based on sender and on subject. It is assumed that you know how to use Usenet or have reviewed the previous tutorial: Getting Started with Usenet.
Task 1: Setup Thunderbird
Open Thunderbird and right-click on the area next to your main tab and choose Main Bar:
If you already have this enabled, then you can continue on.
On the Menu bar, check the box next to View → Threads → Ignored Threads
This will allow you to see all threads including those that are ignored.
Task 2: Create your first filter
Go to the eternal-september.test newsgroup:
Choose an article with a subject that contains "test":
In the header area, right-click on the Subject title and choose Create Filter From…
In the Filter Name field, choose type test:
Choose Match any of the following:
Change the filter rule from to the following:
Subject contains test
Under Perform these actions, choose Ignore Thread:
The Filter Rules window should close and be replaced with the Message Filters window.
Click Run Now:
You have now created a filter that will automatically look at all articles and place an "ignored flag next to them." On some articles, you will now see a red icon next to articles that contain the word "test" in the subject.
On the Menu bar, check the box next to View → Threads → Ignored Threads again:
Those messages should no longer be visible because the check box is now gone.
In Thunderbird, the newsgroup area has 3 parts: The article list, the header which contains the From, Subject, etc, and the body of the article.
While it may seem to be better to just delete any articles that you don’t want to see, sometimes everyone delete things by accident that they didn’t want to. It’s better to just hide something and be able to go back if you need to than the delete it completely. Also, deleting only deletes it from your machine not from the rest of Usenet.
Task 3: Filter articles by person:
In the article list on eternal-september.test, choose the article called greetings from the past! by tux:
In the header area, right-click on the email@example.com and choose Create Filter From…
Like in the previous task, filter any articles where From contains tux:
Instead of ignoring the article, choose Add Star:
Click Run Now:
On the Menu bar, click View → Sort by → Star:
You should now see that article at the top of your list of article.
Filters aren’t just negative. They can also be used to make sure that important topics or articles from from friends are seen first. The filtering tool is very powerful and can drastically change how useful Usenet is to you.
In this exercise, you created your first two filters, by subject and user respectively. You also learned how to view, hide, and sort articles based on those filter.
(End of Exercise)